Effectiveness of a hospital-based postnatal parent education intervention about pain management during infant vaccination: a randomized controlled trial
Parents have reported that they want to learn how to reduce pain in infants during vaccinations. The objective was to compare different levels of intensity of postnatal education about pain mitigation on parental self-reported use of interventions at future infant vaccinations. Hospital-based postnatal education increased parental use of pain interventions at infant vaccinations and can be added to existing education.
The objective of the current work is to give evidence to the importance of spreading the culture of prevention of infectious diseases in an ageing society at different levels, and to address possible strategies to reach high vaccination coverage in adulthood, giving an accent on the correct managing of adult vaccination programmes and communication skills.
Chapter in the Canadian Immunization Guide revised in August 2018.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is known to cause genital warts, cervical cancer, penile cancer, anal cancer and oropharyngeal cancer. In North America, the lifetime cumulative incidence of HPV infection is estimated at more than 70% for all HPV types combined. A safe and effective vaccine against nine HPV types is available. HPV vaccine should be administered routinely to all girls and boys between the ages of 9 and 13 years of age. All youth who have not received the vaccine in a routine program should receive the vaccine in a ‘catch-up’ program. Physicians caring for children and youth should advocate for funding and implementation of universal HPV vaccine programs.
It’s been decades since Canada was first declared polio-free. Within the tremendous victory this represents for vaccines and immunization there is, however, a hidden danger.
The immunization of immunocompromised children requires vaccination strategies that provide maximum protection with minimal harm. Responsibility for immunization is shared by their primary care providers and their specialists. Detailed guidelines are published in the current version of the Canadian Immunization Guide, and general principles are outlined in the CPS Practice Point document.
Transmission of infection in the paediatric office is an issue of increasing concern. This document discusses routes of transmission of infection and the principles of current infection control measures. Prevention includes appropriate office design and administrative policies, triage, routine practices for the care of all patients (e.g., hand hygiene; use of gloves, masks, eye protection, and gowns for specific procedures; adequate cleaning, disinfection, and sterilization of surfaces and equipment, including toys; and aseptic technique for invasive procedures), and additional precautions for specific infections. Personnel should be adequately immunized, and those infected should follow work-restriction policies.
Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness in Preventing Influenza-associated Hospitalizations During Pregnancy: A Multi-country Retrospective Test Negative Design Study, 2010–2016
In this retrospective cohort of over 2 million pregnancies that researchers assembled from 2010 to 2016 across 5 regions in 4 countries, 84% of the pregnancies overlapped with an influenza season. Thus, the risk of influenza virus infection is relevant to most pregnant women.