Immunize Canada      Immunisation Canada

Pneumococcal Disease

Pneumococcal bacteria are the most common cause of bacterial infections in children and a frequent cause of infections in adults. Infection starts in the nose or throat where it may persist for weeks or months. Many people will not develop any symptoms, but others may develop serious pneumococcal disease including acute otitis (infection of the ear), acute sinusitis (sinus), acute bronchitis or pneumonia (lung), bacteremia or septicemia (blood), meningitis (central nervous system), endocarditis (heart), septic arthritis (joint), osteomyelitis (bone), peritonitis (abdominal lining).

Some people are at greater risk of serious complications from the disease. These include the very young, people 65 and older, and people with health conditions such as heart or lung disease, kidney failure, diabetes, HIV infection, anatomic or physiologic asplenia, or certain types of cancer.

Antibiotics were once effective in treating these infections; but the disease has become more resistant to antibiotics, making treatment of pneumococcal infections more difficult. This makes prevention of the disease through immunization even more important.

References

Public Health Agency of Canada. Canadian Immunization Guide. Evergreen edition. http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/publicat/cig-gci/index-eng.php (external link)

Canadian Paediatric Society. http://www.caringforkids.cps.ca/handouts/immunization-index (external link)

Pneumococcal immunization resources

poster, in English
Protect yourself from
pneumococcal disease
Adults  
8.5”×11” poster
English (PDF: 117k)
French (PDF: 117k)
poster, in English
Protect your child from
pneumococcal disease

8.5”×11” poster
English (PDF: 151k)
French (PDF: 150k)
brochure
Protect yourself from
pneumococcal disease

brochure
English (PDF: 179k)
French (PDF: 165k)
pocket guide, in English
Pocket Guide for Immunizers:
Pneumococcal Immunization in Adults (2016)

English (PDF: 203k)
French (PDF: 204k)
pocket guide, in English
Pocket Guide for Immunizers:
Pneumococcal Immunization in Children

English (PDF: 129k)
French (PDF: 130k)